General Motors (GM) Corp. and QUANTUM Fuel Systems Technologies Worldwide, Inc. have received certification from a top German safety institute, the European Integrated Hydrogen Project, for a 700 bar (10,000 psi) hydrogen storage system. With this level of hydrogen storage, fuel cell vehicles could achieve a driving range of 300 miles. In late July, Impco Technologies, Inc. spun off QUANTUM; GM then acquired 19.9 percent equity in the new corporation.(09-02BD78-10)
Honda starts crash testing of FCVs (fuel cell vehicles). Honda has started front and rear collision tests on its FCX-V5 prototype at a speed of 55km/h. The results were encouraging; they confirmed high passenger protection safety during front impact tests, and there was no hydrogen leakage from the high-pressure tank. Honda will be testing the vehicle on public roads beginning in May and will also subject the auto to side collision and front offset collision. (06-02BD75-8)
GM rethinks car in by-wire model fed by fuel cells (01-21-02)
General Motors has regrouped fuel cell and drive-by-wire R & D under a new name Autonomy. With the combination of technologies, the long term view projects vehicles which willhave a basic chassis onto which auto bodies of many flavors from sports cars to SUVs can be attached. This may be in response to the elimination of the Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles (PNGV) being replaced by the FreedomCar program.
The combination of the 42/36 Volt power bus with by-wire implementation of steering, brakes, speed and suspension controls allows the chassis body concept to be feasible. These offerings are farther along that the fuel cells which still cost 10 times the IC counterpart.
GM will count on alliances with Hydorgenics Corp. for PEM membranes, Quantum Technologies Inc. for hydrogen storage, Giner Inc. on hydrogen generation, General Hydrogen for infrastructure and Suzuki Motor Corp. on the entire fuel cell system. The company plans to commit hundreds of millions of dollars to the project over the next several years according to David Cole, the director of the GMs center for Automotive Research.
January 21, 2002, pp. 6 & 10
Honda takes lead to bring commercialization of fuel cell vehicles to the United States, specifically California, in 2003. Honda plans to sell much less than a few hundred fuel cell autos to a limited number of fleet customers. The vehicles, based on the FCX-V4 model, use direct hydrogen with two compressed storage tanks located under the floor of the passenger compartment. Andy Boyd, Hondas spokesman, said, This is the first step in the process of selling fuel cells to the public. There are still a lot of hurdles, especially refueling infrastructure and cost. This allows us to test commercial viability for a broader audience and gives us a chance for real-world driving and durability testing. (04-02 BD73-5)
Volkswagen successfully tested Bora HY.POWER. A collaborative team consisting of Volkswagen, the Paul Scherer Institute, ETH Zuerich and Dynetek has conducted a successful long-range test drive of its Bora HY.POWER fuel cell car, which runs on hydrogen stored-onboard the vehicle. The vehicle uses ultracapacitors for additional power. The car crossed the 2,005-metre Simplon Pass between Switzerland and Italy in the middle of winter.(04-02 BD73-6)
The 2002 Quality Metrics Report from the Department of Energys Office of Transportation (DOE OTT) not only projects positive impacts on the reduction of emissions but also on employment. The impacts should result in 15,244 new jobs in 2020 and 59,244 new jobs in 2030. Jan. 2002, BD 70-8)
General Motors (GMs) concept AUTOnomy wins the Michelin Challenge DesignTM award. GMs AUTOnomy concept is the first vehicle designed from the ground up around a fuel cell propulsion system and the first to combine fuel cells with x-by-wire technology, which allows steering, braking and other vehicle systems to be controlled electronically rather than mechanically (02-02,BD71-8)