(October, 2003) Fuel Cell Locomotive for MIlitary and Commercial Railways
In a program, funded by the Department of Defense, a 109 metric ton railway locomotive will be converted to obtain motive electricity from a fuel cell. (Although touted as a 'zero emission' engine, the first phase will identify the best fuel to use, which if other than pure hydrogen will make it far less than a zero emission vehicle.) The four phases are expected to cost $12 million over five years.
Fuel Cell Magazine, Oct/Nov. 2003, p.44
DOE Awards Aimed At Cheaper Solar Electricity
Thin film photovoltaic research will get $40 million in funding from the DOE with cost sharing of $13 million. Nineteen universities and 14 companies will share in the grants. The goal is to reduce costs and increase efficiency of thin film PV.(02-02 BD71-14)
Japan tops Afganistan aid pledges
Japan will provide up to $500 million in aid over the next two years. Germany will provide $362 million over the next four years, and the U.S. will provide $290 over an unspecified period. Less than three percent of the population has access to electricity. (02-02 BD71-14)