Miscellaneous/EnviromentalA 01

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 Electric cars part of parks’ effort to improve air quality
The fleet of 500 Ford Th!nk vehicles, being donated in California to the national and state parks, have found a home for 12 of the EVs at Death Valley National Park where Xanterra Parks and Resorts, the largest concessions operator in state and national parks, will operate them.
Star Tribune
August 25, 2002, p. G5
Alliance of Automobile Manufacturers pursue litigation to challenge California’s new law - AB1493. The new law sets emission standards for carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases that would apply to new passenger cars and light trucks in 2009. The Alliance made this statement, “Federal law and common sense prohibit each state from developing its own fuel economy standards. Because of the impact on the entire national economy, 20 years ago Congress reserved the issue of fuel economy standards to the federal government in order to balance all sectors of the economy and to avoid a patch work quilt of state regulations.”
The Natural Resources Defense Council supported the California legislation. Such supporters say that passenger cars and light trucks are responsible for 40 percent of California’s carbon dioxide emissions.(09-02BD78-10)
Despite U.S. rejection, the world continues working on the Kyoto Protocol

Just before the Conference of Parties (COP) - 6b in 2001 at Bonn, Germany, the U.S. rejected the Kyoto Protocol because of refusals to allow the U.S. to use carbon ‘sinks’ such as forests, agricultural areas or exports of clean energy technology. COP 6(b) continued international negotiations and identified COP-7 which was held in Morocco in November 2001. At this meeting procedures and institutions needed to make the Kyoto Protocol fully operational were finalized. One-hundred eighty-five states are party to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) which requires a majority vote of 55% for ratification. Only 35 states have provided that ratification.(06-02BD75-11)
Today’s Chemist At Work
April 2002, 67-71
Adobe Photoshop Image The U.S. Energy Information Agency states that increased energy consumption is largely led by oil and that CO2 emissions may increase by as much as 3.8 billion tons per year by 2020. The Energy Information Administration (EIA) says that most of the growth for energy will occur in the developing countries of Asia, Central and South America.

Although CO2 emissions are growing rapidly( a projected 62% increase between 1999 and 2020), the carbon intensity - the amount emitted per dollar of gross domestic product (GDP) - is projected to improve throughout the world in the next two decades. The most rapid improvements will occur in Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union.
Energy use for transportation is projected to increase by 3.8% per year in the developing world, compared with average annual increases of 1.7 percent for industrial countries.(06-02BD75-7)
A full report on the energy outlook is available at http://www.eia.doe.gov/oiaf/ieo/index.html