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Fuel Cells/Transportation 051203
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 (Jan 2006)     Microsoft Excel Chart        (Data is from NanoMarkets LLC, 2006.)
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Fuel Cell Transportation Moves to the Road
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 General Motors (GM) and Shanghai Automotive Industry Corporation  (SAIC)  will develop fuel cell hybrid  and fuel cell vehicles in China.  Included in their plan is a two-year demonstration project based on GM’s HydroGen3 fuel cell vehicle.
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 Volkswagen and Tongji University and IAW (a German engineering company) will develop fuel cell vehicles in China.  Volkswagen will provide the body and Tongji will contribute fuel cells and high-power batteries. +
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 Hybrid and personal vehicles will most likely be the avenue to fuel cell vehicular development.  The personal vehicle will be used for moving around in a local region.

Major issues affecting the commercialization of hydrogen fuel cell automobiles are the cost of the fuel, building of requisite fueling infrastructure and vehicle range.  Range is limited to on-board storage ability.  

The cost of a new infrastructure for fuel cell refueling raises from $2 billion per year initially to $21 billion per year by 2010.  The cost will likely be borne by governments as well as private industry.  Market growth depends on $5 billion infrastructure investment in local hydrogen manufacture for fuel cells.  
Microsoft Excel Chart
Other issues relate to making fuel cell vehicles cost competitive.  Challenges are low-cost infrastructure, range and power density.  Cost reduction, component integration, complexity reduction and increasing safety are needed.  The use of platinum for the core of a PEM fuel cell   is a central issue; the price of the core has to be drastically reduced for fuel cell vehicles to be viable.  

(Information is from “Fuel Cell Transportation Market Opportunities, Strategies, and Forecasts, 2007 to 2013” by Research and Markets.  See website: http:www.researchandmarkets.com/reports/72205). +
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(October, 2003) Fuel Cell Locomotive for MIlitary and Commercial Railways
In a program, funded by the Department of Defense, a 109 metric ton railway locomotive will be converted to obtain motive electricity from a fuel cell. (Although touted as a 'zero emission' engine, the first phase will identify the best fuel to use, which if other than pure hydrogen will make it far less than a zero emission vehicle.)  The four phases are expected to cost $12 million over five years.
Fuel Cell Magazine, Oct/Nov. 2003, p.44