Fuel Cell/Solid Oxide040129

Solid Oxide
(January 2004)  Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Market:
Microsoft Excel Chart

Over half of the global market for solid oxide fuel cells is in North America.

Information is from a report,  “RGB-282 Solid Oxide Fuel Cells,” by  Business Communications Company, Inc., 2003 +
 (August 2003) FuelCell Technologies installs pilot VOC reformer and SOFC (Solid Oxide Fuel Cell) system at the Ford Motor Company’s Dearborn Assembly Plant to transform waste gases into energy.  The pilot system consumes emissions from Ford’s vehicle paint shop and turns them into electrical energy and heat for the facility.

FuelCell’s Energy’s Direct FuelCell(R) power plant, the DFC 1500 receives certification from American National Standards Institute.  The one megaWatt power plant is the largest power plant to be certified under the Institute’s Z21.83 Products Safety Standard.
Adobe Photoshop ImageAccording to the National Renewable Energy Laboratory at the U.S. Department of Energy, the solar energy market has been growing at 25% annually for the last decade. On March 21, 2002, the U.S. Senate passed a bill requiring all investor-owned electric utilities to obtain at least 10 percent of their electricity from renewable sources such as solar energy. Currently, less than 2 percent of electricity comes from renewable sources. Instead of building solar stations themselves, the utilities may choose to purchase renewable energy credits from other companies in the open market.(05-02 BD74-9)
(May 2002) Nanosys Incorporated announces breakthrough in solar element manufacturing. The team led by Dr. Paul Alivisatos has discovered a novel nanomaterial for the efficient production of solar energy. Dr. Alivisatos states, “Traditional silicon-based photovoltaic elements are expensive to manufacture in large volumes, requiring extremely high temperature, high vacuum and numerous lithographic steps. That’s why we chose to pursue the hybrid nanocomposite approach, incorporating inorganic nanorods into organic semiconductor films. The nanorod/polymer hybrid elements can be mass-produced under ambient conditions without any of these complicated and expensive steps. By growing nanorods with a specific diameter, we can also precisely control the band gap of the nanocomposite, adjusting it for optimal absorption of ambient light; that’s not possible to do with traditional semiconducting materials.”
Professor Keith Barnham of Imperial College, London and a pioneer in the use of quantum well nanostructures in high efficiency solar cells, commented on the discovery made by Dr. Alivisatos and his team, “There has been much interest in the possibility of making cheap, plastic solar cells. The efficiencies of these plastic-cells, however, are currently far too low for commercial exploitation. Professor Alivisatos’ group has made a breakthrough by incorporating nanorods into polymer devices, so as to give them many features of conventional, high-efficiency crystalline cells.” His optimism is continued in his next statement when he said, “I think this hybrid approach is a most promising way to achieve the efficiences necessary to make plastic solar cells commerciallyviable. It would help to make solar electricity competitive with fossil fuels.”
Adobe Photoshop ImageFrost and Sullivan’s “Analysis of Renewable Energy Markets in Europe” states that solar PV will exhibit the fastest growth over the next two decades. Manufacturers are investing heavily in new production technologies. Galvanized by government incentives and subsidies for green energy, the introduction of green certificates and green tariffs and the decline in installation and generation costs, the EU’s installed renewables capacity, excluding hydropower plants, is set to reach 109.22 GW in 2010. “The European renewable energy industry is poised for robust growth, albeit showing significant variations in performance. Comprising wind power, solar photovoltaics, biomass power, small hydropower and geothermal power, the overall renewables market amassed $4.6 billion in 2001 based on the installation of all new renewable energy equipment in Europe,” states company analyst Harald Thaler.(04-02 BD73-7)
Global Solar helps commission one of the world’s largest photovoltaic PV power stations. The 1.4 megaWatt ground-mounted system, which converts sunlight directly into electricity, will be expanded to 2.4 megaWatts of generating capacity in 2002. For the solar array, Global Solar utilized modules made of various PV technologies, including crystaline-silicon, thin-film amorphous-silicon, and thin-film cadmium-telluride. Thin-film copper-indium-gallium selenide modules could be used in the future.
The PV power station is located near Tucson Electric Power Co.’s (TEP) Springerville Generating Station in northeastern Arizona. Southwest Energy Solutions installed the solar collector panels and support structure. Global Solar and TEP worked on system design. Global Solar oversees daily operations.(04-02 BD73-7)
Germany’s PV financing schemes and the market
By 30 September 2001, Germany’s two financing schemes for photovoltaics had encouraged the installation of over 100 MWp of PV, within the country. Module production had increased rapidly. The German industry had created over 3800 jobs by the end of 2000. However, Germany was still a major importer of PV despite the increase in production.(03-02 BD72-13
Renewable Energy World
January-February 2002
Commercial breaks
Building the market for PV in Africa

There is a huge potential commercial off-grid market for PV in the sub-Saharan region, although for the most part, we have yet to learn how to tap it. “
Got a question for our Experts? If you would like to have George, Dave or Isador answer your question, pop it in an E Mail to:[email protected] and we will route it to the appropriate expert. They are always eager to get fresh questions.
Half a dozen multimillion dollar projects designed to catalyse the market have, seemingly, failed,” writes Mark Hankins, “and exploitation of the market has been disappointingly slow.”

Renewable Energy World
July— August 2001

A blueprint for growing the PV market
The solar electricity market is booming. In 2000, cumulative installed capacity of PV systems around the world surpassed the landmark figure of 1000 MWp. At the same time, global shipments of PV cells and modules have been growing at an average annual rate of 33% for the past few years. Now the European Photovoltaic Industry Association and Greenpeace have collaborated on producing a long-term analysis of the global solar electricity market up until 2020, with projections up to 2040. (03-02 BD72-13)

Renewable Energy World
September—October 2001
www.jxj.com/magsand j/rew/news

Adobe Photoshop ImageArizona Public Service is helping solar/photovoltaics to grow. They are already selling one MW to the grid and plan to double this by second quarter of 2002. Composite Power Corporation is considering a large solar power generation plant in Nevada that could produce in excess of 100 MW.
Although the solar industry expects that solar power may rise as high as 5,000 MW per year by 2020, the Department of Energy (DOE) only projects 3,200 MW for the same time period. Currently, solar power contributes 0.02 to the grid. It still costs about 20 cents/kWh to generate electricity; this equates to a cost equivalent of approximately four times as much as the electricity produced from fossil or nuclear fuels. (Data in chart is from Industrial Information Resources, Inc.) + (Jan. 2002, BD 70-9)
Adobe Photoshop Image Siemens Solar Industries L.P. of California provides the panels which are powering the largest solar electric roadway lighting project. The installation is on the roadway to the Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) Headquarters Campus in Research Triangle Park, North Carolina. The roadway is illuminated using the Solar Electric Power Company’s (SEPCOTM) 200 Watt Solar Electric Lighting Systems.
In other news, Shell Renewables (Shell), Siemens AG (Siemens) and E.ON Energie AG (E.ON) announced that Shell intends to acquire all the shares held by Siemens under Shell Solar GmbH. The combined business, to be 100% owned by Shell, will be known as Shell Solar. The new entity will have a fifteen per cent share of the global PV market.(03-02 BD72-9)
Bekaert ECD Solar Systems receives $1.5 million grant from the California Energy Commission (CEC). The contract was awarded under the Public Interest Energy Research program to be administrated by the Sacramento Municipal Utilities District (SMUD). The total project cost over a three-years period is $3.3 million of which $1.5 million will be contributed by CEC. The project goal is to develop and commercialize an inexpensive and quick-to-install photovoltaic system that can be applied to a variety of roof decks. (03-02 BD72-10)

Duke Solar LLC’s chief scientist, Roland Winston, receives Farrington Daniels Award for outstanding intellectual leadership in renewable energy from the International Solar Energy Society. The societies highest honor was given to Dr. Winston who has pioneered work in non-imaging solar optics that has been proven to concentrate sunlight at more than 84,000 times the natural level of Earth-surface sunlight (02-02 BD71-8)